Multiplying Fractions – Definition, Steps, Properties, Example

Welcome to another fascinating exploration into the world of mathematics with Brighterly. We have one clear mission – to illuminate young minds and make learning a joyful journey! Today, we will discover the magic of multiplying fractions. Fractions are not just numbers on a paper, they’re a part of our everyday lives, and understanding them can open up a world of possibilities. Whether it’s sharing a chocolate bar with a friend or dividing chores amongst siblings, fractions are involved. To multiply fractions, we just need to follow a few simple rules. By the end of this session, not only will you be able to multiply fractions effortlessly, but you’ll also see them as easy and fun. So let’s dive right in, and embrace the exciting world of fractions at Brighterly!

Fractions and Types

A fraction is a way of expressing a quantity that is not a whole number. They are part of our daily lives, like sharing a pizza with friends, dividing up chores, or measuring ingredients for cooking. Now, fractions come in three main types: Proper Fractions, Improper Fractions, and Mixed Fractions.

Proper Fractions

Proper fractions are the kind where the numerator (the top number) is less than the denominator (the bottom number). This means the value of the fraction is less than 1. Examples include 1/2, 3/4, and 5/6. This represents a part of a whole, like half an apple or three-fourths of a pizza.

Improper Fractions

Improper fractions are the reverse of proper fractions. The numerator is greater than or equal to the denominator, meaning the value of the fraction is equal to or greater than 1. Examples are 5/4 or 7/2, which can represent something like having more than one whole pizza.

Mixed Fraction

A mixed fraction is a combination of a whole number and a proper fraction. Examples include 1 1/2, 2 3/4. It’s like having whole pizzas and a part of another pizza.

Rules of Multiplying Fractions

Multiplying fractions is quite simple compared to addition or subtraction of fractions. It doesn’t matter if the denominators are the same or not. Let’s understand how to multiply fractions with the same and different denominators, whole numbers, and how it works with proper and improper fractions.

Multiplying Fractions with Same Denominator

Multiplying fractions with the same denominator is straightforward. You just multiply the numerators together to get the numerator of the answer, and the denominator remains the same. For example, for 1/4 × 2/4, multiply the numerators (1×2) to get 2, and keep the denominator 4. So, 1/4 × 2/4 equals 2/4 or 1/2.

Multiplying Fractions with Different Denominators

Multiplying fractions with different denominators is just as easy as with the same denominator. You just multiply the numerators together for the new numerator and the denominators together for the new denominator. For example, 2/3 × 3/4 equals (2×3)/(3×4) or 6/12, which simplifies to 1/2.

Multiplying Fractions with Whole Numbers

To multiply a fraction with a whole number, you treat the whole number as a fraction with the number as the numerator and 1 as the denominator. Then, you just multiply the fractions. For example, 2 × 1/3 equals (2/1) × 1/3 equals 2/3.

Multiplying Proper Fractions

Multiplying proper fractions follows the same rule as multiplying any fractions. For example, 1/2 × 3/4 equals (1×3)/(2×4) equals 3/8.

Multiplying Improper Fractions

Multiplying improper fractions is the same as any other fractions. For example, 5/3 × 3/2 equals (5×3)/(3×2) equals 15/6, which simplifies to a mixed fraction as 2 1/2.

Multiplying Fractions as Repeated Addition

Multiplying fractions can be viewed as a form of repeated addition. For example, 1/2 × 3 equals 1/2 + 1/2 + 1/2 equals 3/2 or 1 1/2.

Properties of Multiplying Fractions

Multiplying fractions also follows properties like the commutative property, associative property, and distributive property, similar to other multiplication operations. They help in understanding the structure of multiplication and solving more complex problems.

Practice Questions on Multiplying Fractions

  1. Multiply 1/3 and 2/5.
  2. Multiply 3/4 and 3.
  3. Multiply 2 1/2 and 3 1/3.


Congratulations on successfully navigating through the world of multiplying fractions with Brighterly. We hope that you now have a clearer and deeper understanding of how fractions are multiplied, the different types of fractions, and the simplicity and beauty of mathematical operations. Remember, like any other skill, mastering fractions requires practice. So keep practicing and make use of our carefully curated exercises and questions to strengthen your skills. Stay curious, keep exploring, and remember, at Brighterly, we’re always here to make your learning experience brighter and more enjoyable. Keep shining, young learners!

Frequently Asked Questions on Multiplying Fractions

What is a Fraction?

A fraction is a numerical value representing a part of a whole. It consists of a numerator (the top part) and a denominator (the bottom part).

How do you multiply fractions?

To multiply fractions, multiply the numerators to find the new numerator. Then, multiply the denominators to find the new denominator.

What is the difference between proper and improper fractions?

A proper fraction is where the numerator is less than the denominator. In an improper fraction, the numerator is equal to or greater than the denominator.

How do you multiply fractions with whole numbers?

To multiply a fraction with a whole number, you treat the whole number as a fraction with the number as the numerator and 1 as the denominator. Then, multiply the fractions as usual.

Do you need a common denominator to multiply fractions?

No, unlike adding or subtracting fractions, you don’t need a common denominator to multiply fractions.

Information Sources
  1. Fraction (Mathematics) – Wikipedia
  2. Fractions: Multiplying and Dividing Fractions – BBC Bitesize
  3. Interactive Fraction Wall – Visnos

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