# Perfect Square – Definition With Examples

Updated on January 14, 2024

Welcome to the exciting world of mathematics at Brighterly, where we make complex math concepts easy to understand! The adventure we’re about to embark on today is in the world of perfect squares. These special numbers are found everywhere around us, from the square tiles on your kitchen floor to the pixels on your computer screen. But what makes a number a perfect square?

A perfect square is an integer that is the result of squaring another integer. In simpler terms, a number that can be expressed as the multiplication of an integer with itself is a perfect square. Think of it like this – if we have two identical number buddies and they decide to team up, they form a perfect square! For example, if 2 and 2 teamed up (or in math-speak, 2 is multiplied by 2), they would form the perfect square 4.

The concept of perfect squares opens a doorway to understanding more complex mathematical ideas and algorithms, such as Pythagorean theorem and square root functions. So, hold on to your thinking hats, young explorers, as we unravel the magic of perfect squares!

## What Is a Perfect Square?

In the delightful world of mathematics, some terms may seem intimidating, but often they turn out to be nothing more than a new friend in disguise. One such friendly concept is the perfect square. But, what is a perfect square? A perfect square is an integer that is the square of an integer. In other words, a number you can multiply by itself to get the original number. For example, the number 4 is a perfect square because 2*2 equals 4. Isn’t it amazing? Now, let’s dig deeper into understanding this fantastic concept!

## Definition of a Perfect Square

Let’s elaborate on the definition of a perfect square. A perfect square is a number, either positive or zero, that can be represented as the square of some other number. That is, it’s a number n such that n = _m_², where m is an integer. It’s like inviting two twins (identical numbers) to a party (multiplication) to form a new number! Simple, right?

## Properties of Perfect Squares

Perfect squares have unique properties that make them, well, perfect! Here are some fantastic properties of perfect squares:

- Every perfect square ends with 0, 1, 4, 5, 6, or 9 when expressed in decimal form.
- The square of even numbers is always even, and the square of odd numbers is always odd.
- If you add two perfect squares, the result may or may not be a perfect square. But, if you subtract one perfect square from another, the result is always a perfect square.

Let’s explore these properties more formally in the next section.

## Proofs of the Properties of Perfect Squares

For the proofs of these properties, we need a more formal mathematical approach, but don’t worry! It’s just like solving a fun puzzle. We can use inductive reasoning and algebra to demonstrate these properties. For example, consider the property that every perfect square ends with 0, 1, 4, 5, 6, or 9 in decimal form. We can prove this by squaring all single-digit numbers and observing the last digit.

## Examples of Perfect Squares

If you want to understand perfect squares, real-life examples of perfect squares are a great help. Consider a box of chocolates. If it has 16 chocolates arranged in four equal rows and columns, it’s a perfect square! Why? Because 4*4 equals 16, making 16 a perfect square. Other perfect squares include numbers like 1, 4, 9, 25, 36, and so on.

## The Difference Between Perfect Squares and Non-Perfect Squares

To fully grasp the concept of perfect squares, we need to understand the difference between perfect squares and non-perfect squares. Non-perfect squares are just numbers that cannot be obtained by squaring an integer. For instance, 7 is a non-perfect square because there is no integer you can multiply by itself to get 7. Understanding this difference is like knowing which puzzle pieces fit together perfectly.

## Equations Involving Perfect Squares

Now, let’s take a look at some equations involving perfect squares. These equations can be quadratic equations (equations where the highest power of the unknown number is 2) or other polynomial equations involving perfect squares. For example, the equation x² = 4 is a simple equation involving a perfect square.

## Writing Equations With Perfect Squares

When writing equations with perfect squares, remember that the equation should equate to a perfect square or contain a perfect square as a term. The trick is to recognize that perfect squares often play a role in quadratic equations. For example, the equation (x+3)² = 9 involves the perfect square (x+3)².

## Solving Equations With Perfect Squares

Solving equations with perfect squares is like a treasure hunt where the treasure is the solution of the equation! For example, to solve the equation x² = 16, you have to find an x that, when squared, equals 16. The solutions are x = 4 and x = -4. Why? Because 44 equals 16, and so does -4-4!

## Practice Problems on Perfect Squares

Now that we’ve ventured into the land of perfect squares, it’s time for some practice problems on perfect squares. Try these out:

- If 5² = 25, what is 6²?
- Solve the equation: (x-2)² = 36.
- Is 49 a perfect square?

## Conclusion

Our journey into the realm of perfect squares at Brighterly ends here, but remember, the world of mathematics extends beyond the horizon. Perfect squares are stepping stones to more advanced mathematical concepts. As we’ve learned, these mathematical gems are not just abstract concepts but part of our everyday life, from computer screens to architecture. They help us make sense of the world around us and equip us with problem-solving skills.

At Brighterly, we believe that learning math should be an enjoyable adventure, and we hope that this guide has helped transform the daunting concept of perfect squares into an intriguing and approachable topic. Keep exploring, keep questioning, and remember – math is not about memorizing but understanding. We look forward to guiding you on your next mathematical adventure!

## Frequently Asked Questions on Perfect Squares

Here at Brighterly, we believe that understanding stems from questioning. So, here are the answers to some frequently asked questions about perfect squares:

### What is the next perfect square after 16?

The next perfect square after 16 is 25. If we square 5 (5×5), we get 25.

### Are all positive numbers perfect squares?

No, all positive numbers are not perfect squares. A perfect square is a positive number that can be expressed as the square of another integer. For example, 1, 4, 9, 16, 25, and so on are perfect squares, but 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, etc. are not.

### Is zero a perfect square?

Yes, zero is a perfect square because it can be obtained by squaring zero (0x0=0).

### How do I know if a big number like 784 is a perfect square?

You can determine whether a big number is a perfect square by finding its square root. If the square root is an integer, the number is a perfect square. For instance, the square root of 784 is 28 (since 28×28 equals 784), which is an integer. Hence, 784 is a perfect square.

## Information Sources

- Wikipedia: Square Number
- BBC Bitesize: Square and Cube Numbers
- Wolfram MathWorld: Square Number