How to Use a Protractor?

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    By the 4th grade, kids begin learning types of angles. They advance to measuring angles with the help of tools like a protractor. But for many children, a protractor is a confusing semicircle with dashes and numbers, so they need detailed guidelines to learn how to use a protractor to measure and draw angles. Teachers will value this article as it explains how to teach students to use protractors.

    What Is A Protractor?

    A protractor is one of those mathematical instruments your child learns about while understanding the concepts and properties of shapes. This is a semicircular tool that measures angles from 0 to 180 degrees. It comes with numbers on both sides of its body to give different values during measurement. You can also take readings from inside or outside the protractor.

    When children use a protractor, they solidify their knowledge of protractor drawing, measurement, and even recognition of angles. Through hands-on activities, you can introduce a protractor to your child and have them note the numbers on the protractor and how they move in clockwise and anticlockwise manners from 0 to 180 degrees.

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    How To Read A Protractor

    Before correctly reading a protractor for kids, you must understand every part of the mathematical tool. Here are some of the essential components of a protractor:


    The baseline of a protractor is a horizontal line at the bottom, also referred to as the reference point. A vertical line bisects the baseline of a protractor at its center point. Since the baseline has two sides, they are called left and right-side baselines.


    The origin of a protractor is a point where the baseline and the perpendicular line meet at the bottom. A vertical line cuts the baseline precisely at the protractor’s baseline; a protractor’s origin is also called the center or midpoint.

    Degree Scale

    When your child first handles a protractor, they may notice long and short lines. Each short line inside a semicircle represents a degree, and the total number of degrees is one hundred and eighty(180). There are tiny line segments for every one degree (1), and there are more line segments of substantial size for every five (5) and ten degrees (10) in between.

    An inner degree scale shows the anticlockwise rotation of the numbers from 0 to 180 from the right side of the protractor. The outer degree scale shows the clockwise rotation of the numbers from 0 to 180 from the left side of the semicircular degree scale.

    How To Use Protractor?How to Use a Protractor?

    Before you get down to using a protractor, you must introduce popular definitions of angle measurements to students. Let them know what right, obtuse, acute, vertex, or arc angles are. A right angle is a 90-degree angle with a squared appearance that takes the shape of a letter L. For example, an acute angle is greater than 0 degrees but less than 90 degrees. Obtuse angles refer to angles greater than 90 but less than 180 degrees.

    How To Use A Protractor To Measure Angles

    Before measuring angles with protractors, estimate the angle you are looking for and determine if it is an acute, obtuse, or right angle. Remember that you can classify angles as acute if they are less than 90 degrees and obtuse if they are above 90 degrees. While measuring angles with a protractor, the kind of angle you want to measure should be apparent to the naked eye. However, you must use a protractor to confirm your speculation on the exact angle.

    The second step in measuring angles using a protractor is to place the origin directly above the vertex or center point. Gently move the protractor to the baseline while keeping the vertex (where the angle lines travel outwards like sun rays) in the same line as the origin.

    Follow the measurements to the angles on each side of the protractor’s arc. Your child can measure angles with a protractor and determine the angle’s degree measurement by the number through which the line passes.

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    How To Use A Protractor For Kids To Draw Angles

    Start using a protractor by drawing a straight horizontal line on paper that should serve as your angle’s starting point. Place the origin of your protractor at the beginning of the line and locate where your lines should meet. Make a mark on the paper to indicate the vertex’s location.

    To determine angles on a protractor, place a dot or dash on the degree scale you want to follow through. If you plot angles less than 90 degrees, use the degree scale with smaller numbers. If the angles are greater than 90 degrees, you can use the part of the degree scale with more significant digits.

    Finally, connect the vertex to the specified degree using a ruler. Or, you can use the straight edge of your protractor to draw the second line, then use your protractor to confirm the angle.

    How To Find The Degree Of An Angle Without A Protractor

    You do not need to panic if you don’t have a protractor at home. You can download this printable protractor in PDF format. This improvised tool is handy if all the scales are intact because you can make various copies. So, if your child damages anything, you can get a new one for them to continue practicing.

    A printable protractor can build your child’s enthusiasm for the real thing. However, educators do not advise parents to search for an online protractor and print it because the measurements may be off. Sometimes, you may end up with degree scales that are either less or more than those on a standard protractor.

    Even though using a protractor with angles is the simplest way to pinpoint degrees in geometry, you may need access to one. If that is the case, the fundamental geometric concepts of triangles can come in handy using a scientific calculator. You can get free online calculators and apps from your mobile app store or the internet. 

    Using A Clock Face

    To estimate an angle using a clock face, picture the angle like clock hands moved from the twelve to the six o’clock position. So, every hour marked on the clock represents 30 degrees; that’s how it works. Likewise, if the clock hands show 3 and 6, then there are three marks on the clock face, making a 90-degree angle (3 hours multiplied by 30 degrees). This technique is beneficial in estimating angles quickly without any tools. It’s beneficial for angles that match the well-known segments of a clock.

    Paper Folding

    The Paper folding method is a way to estimate the degree of an angle by physically folding a piece of paper. For this technique to work, you must fold the paper on one side of the angle such that the edge matches the other end. Once you’ve made the fold, take a closer look at the angle created by the crease. This is an excellent way to mark right angles, but it is only valid for some angles. In this situation, the folded angle is 90 degrees.

    Compass And Ruler

    By utilizing a compass and ruler, we obtain a precise measurement method of the more geometrical angle. We begin by drawing a line or a piece of the angle with the ruler. First, we place the compass on one endpoint of the line and draw the arc. Then, we move the compass to the other endpoint and draw the second arc. The point where these two overlapping arcs intersect will be our vertex for this angle. Use the ruler to determine the angle between the two rays. This method utilizes circle and radius principles to obtain the angle measurements.


    Trigonometry is a subject that helps us find the measure of an angle in a right-angled triangle using mathematical methods. We learn about trigonometric functions like tangents in geometry class when we know the sides of a right-angled triangle. If you know the lengths of an angle’s opposite and adjacent sides, you can find the tangent of the angle by calculating the ratio of opposite side length to adjacent side length. You can read the angle measurement in degrees using the inverse tangent function, also known as arc tangent.


    As students progress in their mathematics drill and education, they’ll inevitably encounter new material like angles and measurements. Although these concepts enhance their knowledge of geometry, the need for appropriate instruments may create hurdles. Techniques that help us understand things practically, like using a compass to measure angles, are helpful. 

    Such tools not only help you understand but also help you get good at math. Including visual aids in the teaching process will make learning geometry easier for students to understand and appreciate the beauty of mathematical concepts.

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